Trust and Choice of the Public
Women's leadership in politics
In terms of institution, Vietnam has achieved remarkable progress during the recent years. The 2013 Constitution contained regulations on gender equality and non-discrimination in politics. The Law on Gender Equality and National Strategy on Gender Equality for the period from 2011 – 2020 were granted. The 2013 Constitution also regulated gender equality and non-discrimination in politics. In addition, the national mechanism on gender equality and women’s progress is being completed. However, statistics on leadership at different levels show that the percentage of women leaders is much lower than the set objectives of Vietnam. For example, women members of the Communist Party in 3 tenures did not reach 9% at central level and 12% at provincial/city level, while the set objective was 15% for each level1. For the National Assembly, the percentage of women members decreased from 27.3% (the 11th National Assembly) to 25.76% (the 12th National Assembly), and then to 24.4% (the 13th National Assembly)2 . The percentage of women members in People’s Councils of three levels only increased about 2 – 3% in every tenure. This did not meet the target of 30% in each level. The only improvement made was the percentage of women leaders at commune and district levels, while there was no change or even a decrease with that at provincial and central levels.
Why do women leaders account for a low percentage, despite the available policies and regulations?
This study will contribute to answering the above question, based on analysing the perceptions of various population groups about women leaders as well as the barriers that keep people from electing women leaders. This study is expected to provide information and premise for relevant interventions that could enhance women’s leadership in politics.