Partnership for Enhanced Disaster Risk Management
Vietnam is one of the countries in the world most affected by weather-related disasters, such as typhoons, floods and drought. The economic and social impacts of these disasters are already significant, and because of climate change are likely to become even more severe.
The government has issued several programmes and policies to manage disaster and climate change risks, including the National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change, the National Strategy for Natural Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation to 2020, and the Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) strategy. The CBDRM strategy, a locally appropriate and locally owned strategy for disaster preparedness and risk reduction, will be implemented in 6,000 of the most at risk communes across the country.
An innovative partnership approach
To support implementation of the CBDRM strategy, a joint project has been set up by Oxfam, UNDP, the Disaster Management Centre under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Vietnam Red Cross Society and the Vietnam Women's Union.
The overall aim of the project is to ensure that by the end of 2016, the Standing Office of the Central Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control, provincial committees for natural disaster prevention and control, and provincial partners are better able to deal with disaster risk management.
To achieve this, Oxfam and partners support capacity building on CBDRM for government agencies, local authorities, and local people, together with the development of CBDRM guidelines. Secondly, we document good practices and lessons learnt on the implementation of the CBDRM strategy. Finally, we aim to strengthen partnerships and cooperation among key stakeholders, including the government, mass organisations, and civil society, and to help these stakeholders implement the strategy effectively.
As one of the co-implementing partners, Oxfam plays an important role by providing technical knowledge and assistance in a number of areas.
This includes being responsible for capacity building on CBDRM for provincial resource trainers and the development of all CBDRM training materials, making sure these materials take the needs of vulnerable groups into account and also reflect women’s specific experiences and needs. Oxfam is also in charge of providing training to commune officials on CBDRM and how to integrate disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) measures into local socio-economic development plans in a participatory way. In addition, Oxfam provides technical knowledge in the area of emergency preparedness and response.
Along with other project partners, Oxfam is supporting the government to develop key circulars to guide the implementation of the CBDRM strategy and integration of DRR and CCA into socio-economic development plans. Oxfam and project partners are also developing guidelines on how to include both women’s and men’s perspectives in CBDRM.
One of the major achievements has been approval of the national CBDRM implementation guidelines and training manuals by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. These guidelines will ensure a standard process at both the national and local level for CBDRM implementation, taking into account the specific needs of women and vulnerable groups such as ethnic minorities and people with disabilities.
In addition, a group of provincial resource trainers has been established, covering all 20 project provinces. The group has been coached on the CBDRM implementation guidelines and core training manuals. Selected members of the group are now receiving further training to train additional stakeholders in other provinces on CBDRM.
Project: Partnership for enhanced disaster risk management in Vietnam
Location: 20 of the most disaster-prone provinces in Vietnam and national-level advocacy
Time frame: 2012-2016
Funding: Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), UN Development Programme (UNDP)